Iron Culture was started by Eric Helms and Omar Isuf as a means of exploring the world of physical culture and attempting to distill a unified philosophy of lif... Vedi di più
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Ep. 223 - Dietary Fat, Metabolic Rates & Low Carb Diets (MASScast 1 ft. Eric Trexler)
We have an exciting announcement at Iron Culture, we are combining forces with MASS, Monthly Applications in Strength Sport to bring you regular “MASScast” episodes where we will be joined by one or more of the expert MASS reviewers to talk science. In this inaugural MASScast episode we’re joined by Dr. Eric Trexler to discuss surprising recent data that suggests basal metabolic rates have been decreasing at the population level over recent decades. Is this true? And if so, what’s causing it? In addition, we discuss the continuing confusion regarding high versus low-carb diets. Where is the cut-off for being high or low carb, and when is each a good or bad approach? Listen in to learn what the latest data indicates and how to apply it! For more MASS science-based content check out massresearchreview.com (en español https://revistamass.com/) 00:00 Intro: expanding the Iron Culture pyramid Iron Culture Ep. 164- A Scientific Examination of the Carnivore Diet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K336B32efS0 9:58 Trexler’s background Iron Culture Ep. 30- The Science of Weight Loss (Metabolic Adaptation) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SeslRPi4VWI&t=18s 16:11 Why is everyone’s BMR dropping? Speakman 2023 Total daily energy expenditure has declined over the past three decades due to declining basal expenditure, not reduced activity expenditure https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37100994/ 31:17 Some compelling theories on the topic 38:25 The conflicting conclusions from this paper 48:51 Where are these puzzling findings coming from? And their potential applications Raskol Apparel https://raskolapparel.com/ 1:00:14 Where are we at with carbohydrates these days? Ribeiro 2023 The Effects of Carbohydrate Intake on Body Composition and Muscular Strength in Trained Men Undergoing a Progressive Resistance Training https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37114196/ 1:18:10 Explaining the conflicting anecdotes and evidence Hokken 2021 Subcellular localization- and fibre type-dependent utilization of muscle glycogen during heavy resistance exercise in elite power and Olympic weightlifters https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32961628/ Vargas-Molina 2020 Effects of a ketogenic diet on body composition and strength in trained women https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32276630/ Vargas-Molina 2021 Effects of a low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet on health parameters in resistance-trained women https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34003364/ King 2022 The Ergogenic Effects of Acute Carbohydrate Feeding on Resistance Exercise Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35809162/ 1:30:14 Shoutout to the Pancreas Duke and one final question on the Ribeiro study 1:35:14 Closing out another MONSTER episode and where to find Trexler Instagram @trexlerfitness https://www.instagram.com/trexlerfitness/ Monthly Applications in Strength Sport https://massresearchreview.com/?fbclid=IwAR3FD1QAV8OsU0eE1E2a0VZll8EB5uzAJrjJD03B_wWujzhiSXc7zCTZbY8
Ep. 222 - Partials for Hypertrophy: A Formerly Fringe Idea
In this episode, we discuss two topics, when and how to address fringe topics in the fitness space and the growing data in support of long muscle length partials for hypertrophy. In the former discussion, we discuss how science communicators are often in a difficult position when addressing such fringe ideas. When these beliefs are believed by small segments of the population - especially if they are potentially harmful - simply addressing them can potentially give them more legitimacy if not done right. Then we dive into “lengthened partials”, which only a couple of years ago would have been lumped in with the more common short muscle length partials you roll your eyes at in the gym all the time (think half squats). While formerly a fringe idea, the data continues to elucidate that this approach may have merit for hypertrophy. 00:00 Reviewing reviews: addressing the carnivore diet. Iron Culture Ep. 164- A Scientific Examination of the Carnivore Diet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K336B32efS0 40:15 Stretch-mediated hypertrophy and lengthened partials Ep. 189- Stretching & Range of Motion for Strength and Hypertrophy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VFrO2UQoIBg Monthly Applications In Strength Sport http://www.strongerbyscience.com/mass/ Warneke 2023 Comparison of the effects of long-lasting static stretching and hypertrophy training on maximal strength, muscle thickness and flexibility in the plantar flexors https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37029826/ Kassiano 2023 Greater Gastrocnemius Muscle Hypertrophy After Partial Range of Motion Training Performed at Long Muscle Lengths https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37015016/ Schoenfeld 2020 Effects of range of motion on muscle development during resistance training interventions: A systematic review https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32030125/ Maeo 2021 Greater Hamstrings Muscle Hypertrophy but Similar Damage Protection after Training at Long versus Short Muscle Lengths https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33009197/ Goto 2019 Partial Range of Motion Exercise Is Effective for Facilitating Muscle Hypertrophy and Function Through Sustained Intramuscular Hypoxia in Young Trained Men https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31034463/ Werkhausen 2021 Adaptations to explosive resistance training with partial range of motion are not inferior to full range of motion https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33465838/ Pedrosa 2022 Partial range of motion training elicits favorable improvements in muscular adaptations when carried out at long muscle lengths https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33977835/ Wolf 2023 Partial Vs Full Range of Motion Resistance Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis https://journal.iusca.org/index.php/Journal/article/view/182 59:24 Applications of full RoM vs partials 1:16:26 How to standardize RoM in lengthened partials 1:26:58 Applicability to strength Kitai 1989 Specificity of joint angle in isometric training https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2737195/ 1:39:32 Eric’s conclusions and closing out
Ep. 221 - The World’s Strongest Man (feat Mitchell Hooper)
In this episode, we’re joined by Mitchell Hooper fresh off his 2023 World’s Strongest Man (WSM) win. In addition to winning the 2023 WSM, he also won the 2023 Arnold Strongman Classic. He is among only four competitors to have won these two titles in the same year, and he is the youngest ever to do so, now sitting among living legends Brian Shaw, Žydrūnas Savickas, and Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson. In our conversation we discuss how Mitchell seemingly burst onto the scene out of nowhere, what it’s like competing in the WSM, his future, the future of strongman and the WSM in the modern era, and his perspective on being a champion and ambassador. Finally, we discuss how Mitchell’s education - having a master's degree in exercise physiology - influenced his training approach, which is surprisingly simple and seemingly non-traditional. As a relative newcomer to the sport, his approach hasn’t been influenced by typical strongman “dogma” and thus, his entrance onto the scene may have a revolutionary impact on how athletes train for strongman and strongwoman in the modern era.
Ep. 220 - The Lifting Stones of Ireland (feat David Keohan)
You’ve probably heard of the famous, ancient lifting stones in Iceland and Scotland, some of which are even replicated and used in strongman competitions. But did you know that over 20 stones (and still counting) have been uncovered just in the last few years in Ireland, many of them heavier than the stones in Iceland and Scotland, by primarily one man? That man, Kettlebell Sport World Champion and amateur historian David Keohan (affectionately called “Indiana Stones”) joins us in this episode to discuss the incredible stories of how these stones were unearthed. You’ll hear about these ancient stones and their rich cultural significance and connections to mythology. While we often think of history as something in the past, when you tune in you’ll learn how some history is still being uncovered in real time! 00:00 Paying respects to a ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ review 3:20 Introducing David Keohan and lifting stones in Ireland Rogue Fitness documentaries Stoneland: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MhQlNwxn5oo Fullsterkur: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79Tcsg2Yac8 Levantadores: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vck32S27RmM 19:53 Researching the stones 32:18 The process of finding the stones and recording the findings 37:24 Promoting the (oral) history of the stones 52:26 Significance of the symbolism of the stones 1:05:45 Closing out and where to find David Instagram: @_indiana_stones_ https://www.instagram.com/_indiana_stones_/
Ep. 219 - Being a Good Coach - It’s not About You
Coaches in the evidence-based community are often up to date with the latest in periodization and sports nutrition, but many are not even aware that there is a tremendous amount of research on coaching itself. What makes a good coach? Hint: it’s not simply being up to date with science, as that would mean that every coach prior to the modern era is a bad coach. So, what is it to be a good coach? As the title implies, it’s not about you, it’s about being athlete-centered. But what does that mean? Join in to find out!
Iron Culture was started by Eric Helms and Omar Isuf as a means of exploring the world of physical culture and attempting to distill a unified philosophy of lifting and to help listeners find greater meaning from the iron. The lifting community has become fractured over the last ~70 years and this Podcast will attempt to explore the fundamental threads that unite these different tribes. The Podcast focuses on dispensing practical, useful information to the listener, bouncing from history, to philosophy, to contemporary lifting culture issues, to science. This can range from teaching the audience about lifting, programming, nutrition, supplements/PEDs and the history of lifting culture. The format includes casual conversations between the two hosts on a variety of topics, discussions with a panel of experts and interviews with authoritative figures in the lifting community.